Converting html to xlsx

html-to-xlsx recipe generates excel xslx files from html tables. This isn't a full html -> excel conversion but a rather pragmatic and fast way to create excel files from jsreport. The recipe reads input table and extract a couple of css style properties using a specific html engine (which defaults to chrome), and finally uses the styles to create the excel cells.

Examples

The following css properties are supported:

  • background-color - cell background color
  • color - cell foreground color
  • border - all the border-[left|right|top|bottom]-width, border-[left|right|top|bottom]-style, boder-[left|right|top|bottom]-color will be transformed into excel cells borders.
  • text-align - text horizontal align in the excel cell
  • vertical-align - vertical align in the excel cell
  • width - the excel column will get the highest width, it can be little bit inaccurate because of pixel to excel points conversion
  • height - the excel row will get the highest height
  • font-family - font family, defaults to Calibri
  • font-size - font size, defaults to 16px
  • font-style - normal, and italic styles are supported
  • font-weight - control whether the cell's text should be bold or not
  • text-decoration - underline and line-through are supported
  • colspan- numeric value that merges current column with columns to the right
  • rowspan - numeric value that merges current row with rows below.
  • overflow - the excel cell will have text wrap enabled if this is set to scoll.

Options

  • htmlEngine - String (supported values here depends on the html engines that you have available in your jsreport installation, by default just chrome is available but you can additionally install phantom extension and get phantom as a html engine too)
  • waitForJS - Boolean whether to wait for the js trigger to be enabled before trying to read the html tables on the page or not. defaults to false.
  • insertToXlsxTemplate - Boolean controls if the result of the html to excel tables conversion should be added as new sheets of existing xlsx template, it needs that you set an xlsx template in order to work. defaults to false.

Sheets

Each table detected on the html source is converted to a new sheet in the final xlsx file. The sheets names are by default Sheet1, Sheet2 etc. However, you can specify a custom sheet name using the name or data-sheet-name attribute on the table element where the data-sheet-name has precedence.

<table name="Data1">
    <tr>
        <td>1</td>
    </tr>
</table>
<table data-sheet-name="Data2">
    <tr>
        <td>2</td>      
    </tr>
</table>

Cells with data types

To produce a cell with specific data type you need to use the data-cell-type on the td element. The supported data types are number, boolean, date, datetime and formula (which will be explained in next sections)

<table>
    <tr>
        <td data-cell-type="number">10</td>
        <td data-cell-type="boolean" style="width: 85px">1</td>
        <td data-cell-type="date">2019-01-22</td>
        <td data-cell-type="datetime">2019-01-22T17:31:36.000-05:00</td>
    </tr>
</table>

Format

Excel supports setting cell string format. This can be done using data-cell-format-str (to specify the raw string format) or data-cell-format-enum (to select an existing format) on the td element.

Possible values of the data-cell-format-enum are:

  • 0 -> format equal to general
  • 1 -> format equal to 0
  • 2 -> format equal to 0.00
  • 3 -> format equal to #,##0
  • 4 -> format equal to #,##0.00
  • 9 -> format equal to 0%
  • 10 -> format equal to 0.00%
  • 11 -> format equal to 0.00e+00
  • 12 -> format equal to # ?/?
  • 13 -> format equal to # ??/??
  • 14 -> format equal to mm-dd-yy
  • 15 -> format equal to d-mmm-yy
  • 16 -> format equal to d-mmm
  • 17 -> format equal to mmm-yy
  • 18 -> format equal to h:mm am/pm
  • 19 -> format equal to h:mm:ss am/pm
  • 20 -> format equal to h:mm
  • 21 -> format equal to h:mm:ss
  • 22 -> format equal to m/d/yy h:mm
  • 37 -> format equal to #,##0 ;(#,##0)
  • 38 -> format equal to #,##0 ;[red](#,##0)
  • 39 -> format equal to #,##0.00;(#,##0.00)
  • 40 -> format equal to #,##0.00;[red](#,##0.00)
  • 41 -> format equal to _(* #,##0_);_(* (#,##0);_(* "-"_);_(@_)
  • 42 -> format equal to _("$"* #,##0_);_("$* (#,##0);_("$"* "-"_);_(@_)
  • 43 -> format equal to _(* #,##0.00_);_(* (#,##0.00);_(* "-"??_);_(@_)
  • 44 -> format equal to _("$"* #,##0.00_);_("$"* (#,##0.00);_("$"* "-"??_);_(@_)
  • 45 -> format equal to mm:ss
  • 46 -> format equal to [h]:mm:ss
  • 47 -> format equal to mmss.0
  • 48 -> format equal to ##0.0e+0
  • 49 -> format equal to @
<style>
    td {
        width: 60px;
        padding: 5px;
    }
</style>
<table>
    <tr>
        <td data-cell-type="number" data-cell-format-str="0.00">10</td>
        <td data-cell-type="number" data-cell-format-enum="3">100000</td>
        <td data-cell-type="date" data-cell-format-str="m/d/yyy">2019-01-22</td>
    </tr>
</table>

Setting the format is also required when the cell needs to have a specific format category which depends on the particular computer locale. The cell is otherwise categorized by excel as "General".

For example using data-cell-type="date" makes the cell a date and you can use it in the date based calculations. However, the cell format category in excel is displayed as "General" and not the "Date". To reach this you need to edit data-cell-format-str to match your locale.

Formula

A formula cell can be specified using data-cell-type="formula"on the td element.

<table>
    <tr>
        <td data-cell-type="number">10</td>
        <td data-cell-type="number">10</td>
        <td data-cell-type="formula">=SUM(A1, B1)</td>
    </tr>
</table>

Font family

You can use the following css styles to change the default font-family for all cells in table.

td  { 
  font-family: 'Verdana'; 
  font-size: 18px; 
}

Insert output into xlsx template

The table to xlsx conversion can be enough for some cases. However for more complex cases (like producing pivot tables or complex charts using excel) there is an option to insert the produced tables into an existing xlsx template (as new sheets) instead of producing a new xlsx file.

The flow is the following. Open your desktop excel application and prepare file with pivot tables and charts on the one sheet and with static data on the second. Upload the xlsx to jsreport studio and link it with your html-to-xlsx template generating dynamic table. Just make sure the table name matches with the data sheet name in your excel. Running the template now produces dynamic excel with charts or pivots based on the data assembled by jsreport.

See this example to get an idea of what can be possible with this feature.

Conversion triggers

You may need to postpone conversion of tables until some javascript async tasks are processed. If this is your case set the htmlToXlsx.waitForJS=true in the API options or Wait for conversion trigger in the studio menu. Then the conversion won't start until you set window.JSREPORT_READY_TO_START=true inside your template's javascript.

...
<script>
    // do some calculations or something async
    setTimeout(function() {
        window.JSREPORT_READY_TO_START = true; //this will start the conversion and read the existing tables on the page
    }, 500);
    ...
</script>

Issues with row height being more larger than actual the content

When using phantomjs as engine there are cases when a row height ends with a bigger height than the actual content. This is caused by a phantomjs bug that retrieves bigger height when the content of cells have white space characters.

There are two possible workarounds if this bigger height of row is problematic for your excel file:

  • use "letter-spacing" css property with some negative value (demo)
<!-- without "letter-spacing" row would be more larger -->
<table style="letter-spacing: -4px">
    <tr>
        <td> From Date: NA</td>
        <td> To Date: NA </td>
        <td> Search Text: NA </td>
        <td> Sort Order: NA </td>
        <td> Sort Key: NA </td>
        <td> Filter: NA </td>
    </tr>
</table>
  • use "line-height: 0" with a specific "height" (demo)
<!-- without "line-height" and "height" row would be more larger -->
<table style="line-height: 0">
    <tr style="height: 20px">
        <td> From Date: NA</td>
        <td> To Date: NA </td>
        <td> Search Text: NA </td>
        <td> Sort Order: NA </td>
        <td> Sort Key: NA </td>
        <td> Filter: NA </td>
    </tr>
</table>